Encyclopaedia Africana W March 6, 2021 WINNIE MADIKIZELA MANDELA

“All what we fought for is not what is going on right now. It is a tragedy that he lived and saw what was happening, we cannot pretend like South Africa is not in crisis, our country is in crisis and anyone who cannot see that is just bluffing themselves.”
– 2017

Encyclopaedia Africana M February 23, 2021 MARY MCLEOD BETHUNE

Honored with many awards, Mary McLeod Bethune’s life was celebrated with a memorial statue in Washington DC in 1974, and a postage stamp in 1985. Her final residence is a National Historic Site.

Encyclopaedia Africana J February 23, 2021 JOSEPHINE BAKER

On June 3, 1906, Freda Josephine McDonald was born in St. Louis, Missouri. Her parents, both entertainers, performed throughout the segregated Midwest often bringing her on stage during their shows.

Encyclopaedia Africana R February 23, 2021 RUBY BRIDGES

Ruby’s birth year coincided with the US Supreme Court’s landmark ruling in Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas, which ended racial segregation in public schools.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 11, 2021 CLIP: South Africa – Steve Biko on the rise of African nationalism in the 1970s

teve Biko describes the full range of measures employed by the South African government to supress any kind of political activity within the African community.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 11, 2021 CLIP: SOUTH AFRICA – SOWETO UPRISING, 1976

Although students protested about this peacefully they were met with tear gas and bullets from security forces. T


The Alabama state police brutally attacked the marchers, using fire hoses, dogs, and tear gas

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: Life in the South African townships, 1957

The appalling conditions in the townships are clearly demonstrated by some powerful footage and penetrating commentary.

Encyclopaedia Africana S February 7, 2021 THE SHARPEVILLE MASSACRE, SOUTH AFRICA

In March 1960, Robert Sobukwe, a leader in the anti-apartheid Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC) organized the town’s first anti-apartheid protest. In order to reduce the possibility of violence he wrote a letter to the Sharpeville police commissioner announcing the upcoming protest and emphasizing that its participants would be non-violent.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: Reactions of white South Africans to Sharpeville Massacre, 1960

There is also a running undercurrent of the belief in their own superiority.

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