The slave-trading initiatives endorsed by the English monarchy began with Queen Elizabeth I’s enthusiastic support of John Hawkins’ slaving expeditions in the 1560s.
If we really wanted to understand what racism did to the UK, we had to see how closely racism was entwined with nationalism, and how much, in enunciating one, there was an enunciation of the other.
Research uncovered “stories of girls as young as eight who were kidnapped and raped and infected with syphilis. Teenage girls were kept for sex and chained up at night to stop them running away.
The idea of “chastity” among Aboriginal women was considered by the European men as “preposterous”.
The prevalent racist ideology was that Aboriginal people were inferior in intelligence and only fit to become the servants of the rest of society.