British Empire

Law (RH) Resources Hub June 17, 2021 Justice minister Lord Wolfson QC derides barristers’ chambers for changing its name over slave trade links

The firm was named after the Earl of Hardwicke, a 18th century Lord Chancellor whose legal opinion was used by slave owners to provide legal advice to justify slavery.

C Encyclopaedia Africana May 21, 2021 COMMONWEALTH IMMIGRANTS ACT, 1962

An Act to make temporary provision for controlling the immigration into the United Kingdom of Commonwealth citizens; to authorise the deportation from the United Kingdom of certain Commonwealth citizens convicted of offences and recommended by the court for deportation…

Video (LT) March 12, 2021 Life Aboard a Slave Ship | History Channel

From approximately 1525 to 1866, an unknown number of captive Africans were forcibly transported across the Middle Passage to serve as slaves in the New World. Life aboard slave ships was agonizing and dangerous; it is thought that 2 million slaves perished on their journey across the Atlantic.

Encyclopaedia Africana J March 11, 2021 JOHN HAWKINS, ENSLAVER

John Hawkins effectively set the pattern that became known as the English slave trade triangle.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 13, 2021 VIDEO: THE RACIAL CONSEQUENCES OF WINSTON CHURCHILL, CHURCHILL COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, UK

When fighting insurgents in Sudan in his early career, Mr Churchill boasted of killing three “savages.”

Encyclopaedia Africana N February 7, 2021 THE NOTTING HILL UPRISING, 1958

Crowds of white youths, reportedly numbering 400, chased the Caribbean population in the area. Petrol bombs and milk bottles were launched as missiles, and some rioters armed themselves with iron bars and butcher’s knives. There were counter-attacks by Black youths similarly armed in self defense.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: NOTTING HILL UPRISING, UK, 1958

Tensions between members of the white working class and the new African Caribbean residents broke into open violence in 1958 and 1959 with attacks by white youths (‘Teddy Boys’) on Caribbean people and properties, followed by counter-attacks by members of the Caribbean population.

B Encyclopaedia Africana February 7, 2021 BURMA ROAD UPRISING, BAHAMAS, 1942

As importantly, they joined with a growing number of political activists to demand independence from Great Britain. That independence finally came thirty- one years later on July 10, 1973.

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Miscellaneous (RH) Resources Hub December 14, 2020 Unpicking the slave-trade links behind Britain’s road names is proving tricky

On 5 December, a small group of people carefully removed a sign marking Cassland Road Gardens in east London and laid it on the ground. Thus was one corner of the capital purged of its association with an offensive historical figure – John Cass, an early-18th-century slave trader.

B November 28, 2020 THRONE OF BLOOD – THE BRITISH MONARCHY’S INVOLVEMENT IN SLAVERY

The slave-trading initiatives endorsed by the English monarchy began with Queen Elizabeth I’s enthusiastic support of John Hawkins’ slaving expeditions in the 1560s.

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