USA

D Encyclopaedia Africana February 23, 2021 DAISY BATES

After the success of the Little Rock Nine, Bates continued to work on improving the status of Black people in the South. Her influential work with school integration brought her national recognition. In 1962, she published her memoirs, The Long Shadow of Little Rock. Eventually, the book would win an American Book Award.

Encyclopaedia Africana R February 23, 2021 RUBY BRIDGES

Ruby’s birth year coincided with the US Supreme Court’s landmark ruling in Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas, which ended racial segregation in public schools.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 20, 2021 MALCOLM X: DEMOCRACY IS HYPOCRISY

“They attack the victim, and then accuse the victim on attacking them”

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: POLICE BRUTALITY AGAINST DEMONSTRATORS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, USA, 1963

The Alabama state police brutally attacked the marchers, using fire hoses, dogs, and tear gas

Miscellaneous (RH) Resources Hub February 7, 2021 Louisiana cemetery ‘sorry’ after denying officer burial ‘because he is Black’

“It was just so much a slap in the face, a punch in the gut,” Mrs Semien told CBS News. “It was just belittling him. You know, that we can’t bury him because he’s Black.”

Encyclopaedia Africana N February 7, 2021 THE NATION OF ISLAM PROGRAM

We want our people in America whose parents or grandparents were descendants from slaves, to be allowed to establish a separate state or territory of their own–either on this continent or elsewhere.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: Dr Martin Luther King on his childhood

Context: The USA had an open system of Apartheid that was not called Apartheid. The USA was not censured for their system in the way that South Africa (eventually) was.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: Barack Obama wins the US Presidential Election, 2008

Context: Barack Obama wins the 2008 US Presidential election, the first time that a person labelled Black has been elected to this position.

Listening Tree Video (LT) February 7, 2021 CLIP: MALCOLM X INTERVIEW, 1964

Context: Malcolm has left the Nation of Islam and founded his own organisation, The Muslim Mosque

Encyclopaedia Africana N February 7, 2021 THE NATION OF ISLAM (US)

Our women are taught a dress code of modesty that will lead to the practice of high morality.

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