July 13, 2020
UN INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
- “Convinced that any doctrine of superiority based on racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous and that there is no justification for racial discrimination, in theory, or in practice, anywhere,
- Reaffirming that discrimination between human beings on the grounds of race, colour or ethnic origin…is capable of disturbing peace and security among peoples and the harmony of persons living side by side even within one and the same State,
- Convinced that the existence of racial barriers is repugnant to the ideals of any human society,
- Alarmed by manifestations of racial discrimination still in evidence in some areas of the world and by governmental policies based on racial superiority or hatred, such as policies of apartheid, segregation or separation,” Extract from UN International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, 2 January 1969.
The UK is a signatory to this United Nations Convention but has not incorporated it into domestic law, in the way that the Human Rights Act 1998 incorporated the UN Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental freedoms into UK Law.
The UN Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination compiles two-yearly reports on each signatory state. The latest available for the UK is 2016 and states at C.7,
“The Committee reiterates its concern that the provisions of the Convention have not been given full effect in the State party and throughout the overseas territories and Crown dependencies.”
So fundamental rights guaranteed under this detailed Convention are not available to British citizens.
Papal Bull of 1455, Romanus Pontifex
This Bull authorised Portugal to raid African Kingdoms, territories and land, capture and enslave the inhabitants and seize their natural and mineral resources, under the authority of the Pope and the Catholic Church.
The Reign of Elizabeth II
A summary of the reign of Elizabeth II and events that took place during her reign